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Miraflores is one of the wealthiest districts in Lima, and full of cafes, restaurants and shops. On weekends young people converge on Calle de Las Pizzas (meaning Pizza Street), with all its bars and dance clubs.
Peru: Lima Miraflores

A distant relative of camels, llamas were indispensible to the Incas due to their ability of carrying large weights over long distances. They are perhaps most famous for spitting when provoked.
Peru: Llama

Presidential Palace
Peru's Presidential Palace is located on the north side of the Plaza de Armas in Lima. It was on this site that the Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro was murdered in 1541.
Peru: Lima Presidential Palace

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S. America | Peru

Peru: Privileged Destination

Until the arrival of the Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro González, most of the Andes mountain range was ruled from Peru. Much of the greatness of the Inca empire can still be seen throughout the country, alongside the culture of the Spanish colonization. Highlights include Machu Picchu, Cusco and Chan Chan. But what impresses visitors to Peru is not only the numerous cultural sights, but also its magnificent nature, which ranges from Andean highland, to Pacific desert, to Amazon rainforest. No wonder Peru markets itself as a privileged destination.
Peru: Mountain Scenery


Peru: Machu Picchu Macchu Picchu: Lost City

Machu Picchu (meaning Old Peak in Quechua) was constructed around 1450, at the height of the Inca empire. Less than 100 years later it was abandoned as the Inca empire collapsed under the Spanish conquest. Knowledge of the city was lost to the outside world for nearly 400 years, until Machu Picchu was "rediscovered" by the American Historian Hiram Bingham in 1911. It is by far Peru's most visited tourist attraction, and Machu Picchu is currently under threat from the shear number of visitors.

Cusco: Inca Capital

Until the arrival of the Spanish, Cusco was the capital of the Inca empire. At its height, the Inca empire consisted of nearly the entire Andes mountain range. During this time Cusco was divided into four sectors, each sector representing various geographical parts of the empire. The Incan structure of the city was erased after the Spanish colonization. The city itself, as it is seen today, is largely a Spanish one built on the foundations of the former capital.
Peru: Cusco Plaza de Armas

Peru: Trujillo Chan Chan Trujillo: Chan Chan

Some adobe brick walls outside Trujillo (the third-most populous city in Peru) are what is left of the imperial capital of the Chimú kingdom, the lead state in Peru before the Inca empire was established. Before being conquered by the Incas it is believed that 30,000 people lived in the city of Chan Chan, making it the largest Pre-Columbian city in South America. The remains of the mud city are under severe threat due to erosion from El Niño.

Peru: Inca Trail

Perhaps the most famous trek in the world, the Inca Trail leading to the sacred city of Machu Picchu was once part of a network of roads extending more than 23,000 kilometers. The classic Inca Trail takes 4 days, reaching Machu Picchu in time for sunrise on the 4th day. It passes through high passes (the highest being 4,200 meters), thick cloud forest as well as jungle. Even though the trek is only 39.6 kilometers from its start at Kilometer 88 of the railroad from Cusco, it can still be quite strenous due to the many ascents and also the thin air at the highest passes.
Peru: Inca Trail

Peru: Chiclayo Túcume Chiclayo: Túcume

Once consisting of 26 major pyramids, the Lambayeque city of Túcume fell into ruins within just a few years of the Spanish conquest. Its historic importance wasn't recognized until the Norwegian discoverer Thor Heyerdahl recognized the clay mounds as once grand human built structures, in excavations lasting from 1988 until 1994. Historians are finally understanding the importance of Túcume, the city which might even have been the capital for the Lambayeque.

Chan Chan
Chan Chan is the largest mud city in the Americas. The adobe brick walls of the city were decorated with carvings of birds, fish and small mammals (such as the sea otters in the picture), which are still intact for visitors to see.
Peru: Trujillo Chan Chan Carvings

República del Perú

Largest city
28,674,000 (2007)
1,285,220 km²
Official language(s)
Spanish, Quechua

6000 BC: Emergence of the earliest civilizations.
1438-1572: Inca empire, covering nearly the entire Andes mountain range, ruled from Peru.
1532: Spanish rule established.
1821: Independence from Spain declared.
1948-79: Ruled by dictatorial military governments.
1979: Return of democracy.

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