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Cable Car
Nanjing
On the west peak of Mount Zhongshan is an observatory, with ancient astronomical instruments on display. A nice way to get there is to take the cable car; from the end station it's a short walk.



Ethnic
Nanjing
Nanjing has drawn a wide variety of people, including a Muslim community. At one time it counted 100,000, and made up 10% of Nanjing's population. Today the community is about 70,000 people strong.

Habits
Nanjing
Few people are as public in their bad habits as the Chinese. The guttural sound of spit being pulled up through the throat can be heard everywhere. Noise-picking in public is also popular pastime.

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Nanjing classifieds
Nanjing
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N. E. Asia | China | Nanjing

Nanjing: South Capital

Nanjing has a prominent place in Chinese history, having served as its capital. It is also believed that at one time, around year 1400, it was the largest city in the world. Today's Nanjing has been raised from the ashes of the Japanese destruction during World War II. Like many other major cities in China it has experienced an incredible financial growth, and highrises are popping up everywhere. It also just got its first metro line (No. 1), with a second one being constructed. Nanjing is just 300 kilometers from Shanghai, a train-ride of only a few hours.

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Nanjing: China's Grand Father

The mausoleum of the Father of Modern China, Dr. Sun Yat-sen, is in Nanjing, on what is refered to as Purple Mountain (or Mount Zijin). He is one of the few politicians revered in both mainland China and Taiwan. He was the founder of the Kuomintang party, and in 1912 he became the first president of the newly established Republic of China. A lesser known fact is that he is also one of the primary saints of the Cao Dai religion in Vietnam.

Nanjing: Zhonghua Gate

The castle-like Zhonghua Gate (meaning Chinese Gate) is the grandest of the ancient city gates of China. It was built by Zhu Yuanzhang, the first emperor of the Ming Dynasty, between 1366 and 1387, and was part of the Nanjing Ancient Wall, at that time the longest city wall in the world. Zhonghua Gate was just one of the 13 gates in the city wall. Inside the gate are three courtyards, as well as 27 caves used for storage of food and weapons.

China: Lobster commercial in Nanjing China: Repairing neon-lights in Nanjing China: Statue in Qixia Temple Nanjing Hot-Pot

Some scenes from in and around Nanjing (from left to right):
-What gets some going might deter others. There's more than one way to promote lobster!
-Looking at the neon-flooded cities of China it is hard to see where communism ends and capitalism begins.
-Statue at Qixia Temple, just outside Nanjing.

Daytrip: Qixia Temple

Qixia Temple (meaning Temple where the Dawn Perches) is just 22 kilometers north-east of Nanjing (one hour by bus from Nanjing's bus terminal). Dating back to 489, to the Six Dynasties era, it is one of the oldest established monasteries in China. Apart from the temple itself it is also famous for the hundreds of small caves of different sizes housing Buddha statues. One of the distinct features of the temple is the Heavenly Kings' Hall, with its bright yellow color.

Qixia Temple: Thousand Buddhas

The Thousand Buddha Caves is a part of Qixia Temple. In the small forest behind the temple there are over 500 caves carved into the small hill-rocks, each cave housing statues of Buddha (the biggest having been 11 meters tall). Most of the statues were damaged during the Taiping rebellion, but were later repaired. In addition to the statues there's also a stupa showing the life of Akyamuni Buddha. The caves lie at the bottom of Mount Qixia, which also makes for a nice climb.



Sun Yat Sen
Nanjing
After founding the Republic of China, Dr. Sun Yat-sen made Nanjing the capital of the new country. He has been honored for this by having given his final resting place in the city, in a mausoleum which took three years to build.

Facts
Location
300 km west of Shanghai in China
Origin of Name
南 nán - South
京 jīng - Capital
Together - Southern Capital
Population
6,400,000
Temperature
Average 15.7 degrees
Municipality area
6598 km²
Average elevation
12 meters

History
China
221 BC: First unified Chinese state established under Qin Dynasty.
7th-14th century: One of the most advanced civilizations in the world with respect to technology, culture and art.
1912: End of imperial rule, Republic of China established.
1949: Communists win civil war. People's Republic of China (PRC) established.

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Copyright: Jan Egil Kirkebø (2006-11) - Email: janki at online dot no